Subject: IBM Public License
From: Russell Nelson <nelson@crynwr.com>
Date: 12 Jul 1999 21:55:48 -0000

This license was posted quite a while ago anonymously, and has
undergone some small revisions.
-russ

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<p align=center><b>IBM PUBLIC LICENSE - <font  color="#0000FF">[INSERT NAME OF PROJECT]</font>
VERSION 1.0</b>
<p><b></b><font size=3></font>
<p><font size=3></font><font size=2>THE ACCOMPANYING PROGRAM IS PROVIDED UNDER THE TERMS
OF THIS IBM PUBLIC LICENSE  ("AGREEMENT").  ANY USE, REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION OF
THE PROGRAM CONSTITUTES RECIPIENT'S ACCEPTANCE OF THIS AGREEMENT.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2><b>1.  DEFINITIONS</b>.</font>
<p><font size=2>"Contribution" means:  </font>

<ul><font size=2>a) 	in the case of International Business Machines Corporation ("IBM"),
the Original Program, and </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>b) 	in the case of each Contributor, </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>i)	 	changes to the Program, and</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>ii)		any additions to the Program that are distributed in conjunction
with the Program under this Agreement;</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>where such changes and/or additions to the Program originate from and
are distributed by that particular Contributor.  </font></ul>

<p><font size=2></font><font size=2>A Contribution 'originates' from a  Contributor
if it was made or added to the Program by such Contributor itself or anyone acting on
such Contributor's behalf.  </font><font size=2>Contributions do not include additions
to the Program which:  (i) are separate modules of software distributed in conjunction
with the Program under their own license agreement, and (ii) are not derivative works
of the Program.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>"Contributor" means IBM and any other entity that distributes the Program.</font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>"Licensed Patents " mean those claims of patents licensable by a Contributor
which are necessarily infringed by each Contribution that both originates from and is
distributed by that particular Contributor, if any, as well as claims of patents licensable
by a Contributor which are necessarily infringed by the Contributor's Contribution when
combined with the Program.  </font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>"Original Program" means the original version of the software accompanying
this Agreement as released by IBM, including source code, object code and documentation,
if any.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2>"Program" means the Original Program and Contributions.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>"Recipient" means the entity that receives the Program under this Agreement,
including all Contributors.</font>
<p><font size=2><b></b></font>
<p><font size=2><b>2.  GRANT OF RIGHTS</b></font>

<ul><font size=2></font><font size=2>a)	</font><font size=2>Subject to the terms of
this Agreement, each Contributor hereby grants</font><font size=2> Recipient a non-exclusive,
worldwide, royalty-free copyright license to<font  color="#FF0000"> </font></font><font
size=2>reproduce, prepare derivative works of, distribute, publicly display, publicly
perform and sublicense the Contribution of such Contributor, if any, in source code
and object code form.</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2></font></ul>


<ul><font size=2></font><font size=2>b) 	Subject to the terms of this Agreement, each
Contributor hereby grants </font><font size=2>Recipient a non-exclusive, worldwide,<font
 color="#008000"> </font></font><font size=2>royalty-free patent license under Licensed
Patents to make, use, sell, offer to sell, import and otherwise transfer the Contribution
of such Contributor, if any, in source code and object code form.  The patent license
shall not apply to the combination of the Contribution with any other software except
that it shall apply to the combination of the Contribution and the Program where, at
the time the Contribution is added, the addition of the Contribution causes the combination
of the Contribution and the Program to be covered by the Licensed Patents.  Nor shall
any machine, apparatus or other hardware be licensed hereunder.   </font></ul>

<p><font size=2></font>

<ul><font size=2>c)	Recipient understands that although each Contributor grants the
licenses to its Contributions set forth herein, no assurances are provided by any Contributor
that the Program does not infringe the patent or other intellectual property rights
of any other entity.  Each Contributor disclaims any liability to Recipient for claims
brought by any other entity based on infringement of intellectual property rights or
otherwise.  As a condition precedent to exercising the rights and licenses granted hereunder,
each Recipient hereby assumes sole responsibility to secure any other intellectual property
rights needed, if any.  For example, if a third party patent license is required to
allow Recipient to distribute the Program, it is Recipient's responsibility to acquire
that license before distributing the Program.</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2></font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>d)	Each Contributor represents that to its knowledge it has sufficient
copyright rights in its Contribution, if any, to grant the copyright license set forth
in this Agreement. </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2></font></ul>

<p><font size=2><b>3.  REQUIREMENTS</b></font>
<p><font size=2><b></b><font  color="#FF0000">[NOTE TO REVIEWERS:  We envision this
agreement will be used for several IBM software projects and the following options </font><font
 color="#0000FF">[in blue]</font><font  color="#FF0000"> represent customizations that
can be made to the generic version of this agreement, based on the specific licensing
goals for the software program being distributed under it.]</font></font>
<p><font size=2><font color="#FF0000"></font><font  color="#0000FF"></font></font>
<p><font size=2><font color="#0000FF">When  the Program is distributed, it must be distributed
in source code form, and except as provided in the following Paragraph:  (The following
sentence may be substituted for the preceding sentence in appropriate circumstances.
 When the Program is distributed in source code form:)</font></font>

<ul><font size=2><font color="#0000FF"></font></font><font size=2>a)	it must be distributed
under this Agreement; and </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>b)	a copy of this Agreement must be included with each copy of the
Program.  </font></ul>

<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>In addition, a Contributor may choose to distribute the Program in object
code form under its own license agreement, provided that:</font>

<ul><font size=2>a)	it complies with the terms and conditions of this Agreement; and</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>b)	its license agreement:</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>i) 	   effectively disclaims on behalf of all Contributors all warranties
and conditions, express and implied,   including warranties or conditions of title and
non-infringement, and implied warranties or conditions of merchantability and fitness
for a particular purpose;  </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>ii) 	  effectively excludes on behalf of all Contributors all liability
for damages, including direct, indirect, special, incidental and consequential damages,
such as lost profits; </font></ul>


<ul><font size=2>iii)  states that any provisions which differ from this Agreement are
offered by that Contributor alone and not by any other party; and</font></ul>


<ul><font size=2><font  color="#0000FF">iv) states that source code for the Program
is available, and informs licensees how to obtain it. (The preceding sentence is part
of the basic license agreement, but may be deleted in appropriate circumstances.)</font></font><font
size=2></font></ul>

<p><font size=2><font  color="#0000FF"> </font></font>
<p><font size=2><font color="#0000FF">(OPTIONAL PARAGRAPH)  IBM has established a Web
site to support the distribution of Contributions to Recipients.  The initial URL for
this Web site is ____________________.  If the URL changes, IBM will provide notice
of the new URL in a reasonable manner.  When Contributors distribute Contributions that
originate from them, they are required to send a copy of such Contributions, in source
code form, to that Web site.  If IBM no longer maintains a Web site to support distribution
of Contributions as set forth herein, this obligation shall end.</font></font>
<p><font size=2><font color="#0000FF"></font></font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>Each Contributor must include the following in a conspicuous location
in the Program: </font>
<p><font size=2></font>

<ul><font size=2>Copyright &Oacute;<font  color="#FF0000"> </font><font  color="#0000FF">{date
here}</font></font><font size=2>, International Business Machines Corporation and others.
All Rights Reserved.  </font></ul>

<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>In addition, each Contributor must identify itself as the originator
of its Contribution, if any, in a manner that reasonably allows subsequent Recipients
to identify the originator of the Contribution.  </font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2><b>4.  COMMERCIAL DISTRIBUTION</b></font>
<p><font size=2>This Agreement does not prohibit any Contributor from including the
Program in a commercial product offering (including  distribution in object code form
under a license agreement other than this Agreement), provided that such Contributor
("Commercial Contributor") hereby agrees to indemnify, defend and hold every other Contributor
("Indemnified Contributor") harmless from and against any losses, damages, expenses
(including reasonable attorneys' fees) and costs (collectively "Losses") arising from
claims, lawsuits and other legal actions brought against the Indemnified Contributor
to the extent caused by the terms, conditions, acts or omissions of such Commercial
Contributor in connection with its distribution of the Program in a commercial product
offering, excluding any Losses arising from intellectual property claims relating to
the Program, </font><font size=2>provided that</font><font size=2> any Indemnified Contributor:
a) promptly notifies the Commercial Contributor in writing of such claim, and b) allows
the Commercial Contributor to control, and cooperates with the Commercial Contributor
in, the defense and any related settlement negotiations.  The Indemnified Contributor
shall have the right to participate  at its own expense.</font>
<p><font size=2><font  color="#0000FF"></font></font>
<p><font size=2><font color="#0000FF"></font></font><font size=2><b>5.  NO WARRANTY</b></font>
<p><font size=2>EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT, THE PROGRAM IS PROVIDED
ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT,
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Each Recipient is</font><font size=2>
solely responsible for determining the appropriateness of using and distributing </font><font
size=2>the Program</font><font size=2> and assumes all risks associated with its exercise
of rights under this Agreement</font><font size=2>, including but not limited to the
risks and costs of program errors, damage to or loss of data, </font><font size=2>programs
or equipment, and unavailability or interruption of operations</font><font size=2>.
 </font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2><b>6.  DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY</b></font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2>EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT,
NEITHER RECIPIENT NOR ANY CONTRIBUTORS SHALL HAVE ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION
LOST PROFITS), HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE
USE OR DISTRIBUTION OF THE PROGRAM OR THE EXERCISE OF ANY RIGHTS GRANTED HEREUNDER,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.</font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2><b>7.  GENERAL</b></font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2>If any provision of this Agreement is invalid or
unenforceable under applicable law,  it shall not effect the validity or enforceability
of the remainder of the terms of this Agreement,  and without further action by the
parties hereto  such provision shall be reformed to the minimum extent necessary to
make such provision valid and enforceable.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>If Recipient institutes patent litigation against a  Contributor (including
a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit), then the patent licenses granted by that
 Contributor to such Recipient under this Agreement shall terminate as of the date such
litigation is filed.  In addition, If Recipient institutes patent litigation against
 any entity (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that the
Program itself (excluding combinations of the Program with other software or hardware)
infringes such Recipient's patent(s), then such Recipient's rights granted under Section
2(b) shall terminate as of the date such litigation is filed. </font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>All Recipient's rights under this Agreement shall terminate if it fails
to comply with any of the material terms or conditions of this Agreement and does not
cure such failure in a reasonable period of time after becoming aware of such non-compliance.
 If all Recipient's rights under this Agreement terminate, Recipient agrees to cease
use and distribution of the Program as soon as reasonably practicable.  However, Receipient's
obligations under this Agreement and any licenses granted by Recipient relating to the
Program  shall continue and survive.  </font><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2></font><font size=2>This Agreement may be revised by IBM from time to
time.  After any such revision in the Agreement, Contributor may continue to distribute
versions of the Program first distributed prior to the revision under this Agreement</font><font
size=2> or use the revised agreement, however, new versions of the Program may only
be distributed under the revised agreement.  </font><font size=2>Except as expressly
stated in Sections 2.a) and 2.b) above, Recipient receives no  rights or licenses to
the intellectual property of any Contributor under this Agreement, whether expressly,
</font><font size=2>by implication, estoppel or otherwise</font><font size=2>.</font><font
size=2>  All rights in the Program not expressly granted under this Agreement are reserved.</font>
<p><font size=2></font>
<p><font size=2>This Agreement is governed by the laws of the State of New York and
the intellectual property laws of the United States of America. No party to this Agreement
will bring a legal action under this Agreement more than one year after the cause of
action arose.</font><font size=2>  Each party waives its rights to a jury trial in any
resulting litigation.  Recipient agrees to comply with all applicable laws, rules and
regulations, including without limitation all export and import laws, rules and regulations.</font>

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