Subject: Re: Need quotes for an article...
From: Peter Wayner <>
Date: Thu, 23 Dec 2004 12:12:59 -0500

Yes, it might be fair to just count the CS research budgets of DARPA, 
NSF and NIH. They generally require grant recipients to release their 
code to the research community. The BSD license, for instance, came out 
of this group.

Of course, if you do this you'll probably end up with an enormous 
number because the Feds have a bigger pocketbook than any corporation 
like Ford or MS.

A good source for data is the CRA's newsletters:

A quick scan offers these line items:

* $193m for "Information and Communications Technology"
* $152m for "Cognitive Computing Systems"
* $238m for "High Performance Computing Modernization"
* $630m for NSF's Computing and Information Science and Engineering 

There are other line items at places like Commerce and Homeland 
Security, but they seem relatively small. It's easy to see $1b invested 
in computer R&D at universities and labs.


On Dec 23, 2004, at 12:05 PM, Jim Menard wrote:

> Bernard Lang wrote:
>>   One difficulty is circumscribing what may be considered R+D
>> investment from the free software community.  Does it include for
>> example all the academic research that results in free software ?
> Don't forget government research (primarily scientific and military) 
> that produces free software.
> Jim
> -- 
> Jim Menard,,